Topic 1: Refine Your Relationship to Failure – Reflect on the Lecture section titled “Refine Your Relationship to Failure”. Think of something that you have repeatedly failed at in the past. How did it make you feel (elaborate)? Were you eventually successful at overcoming your failure? If so, how were you successful? What did you learn about yourself on how you deal with failure? Topic 2: Personal Prejudices – How might you determine your personal prejudices about those different from yourself? How might you overcome these prejudices? ***Lecture *** Refine Your Relationship to Failure No one likes to fail but failure is an inevitable part of doing something new. Thomas Edison provided a role model for the learning response to failure when he said “Failure is the most important ingredient for success.” James Dyson, the inventor of the Dyson vacuum cleaner and founder of Dyson, Inc, sees Edison as a role model saying he, “achieved great success through repeated failure. His 10000 failures pale in comparison to his 1093 US patents. Each one of Edison’s inventions, from the Dictaphone to the light bulb came from his inability to give up.” Failures can also help focus your priorities and life path on your talents and strengths. Learn to control emotional responses to learn from failures. Failures, losses and mistakes provoke inevitable emotional responses. Yet it is important to learn to control emotional reactions that block learning and feed into a fixed identity. Golfers who slam their club and curse themselves and the game after a bad shot lose the opportunity to coolly analyze their mistake and plan for corrections on the next one. Accept the risk involved in losing. Winning is not everything, and too great an emphasis on winning can block learning. Risk is a part of every endeavor. In fact, those who do anything will fail. Some have stated that the only ones who fail are those who do something. Of course, those who do nothing have already failed. So you failed? What is the big issue? You tried! That is what matters. What can you learn from the failure? You must make the investment in failure in order to learn and gain ground. Reassess Your Beliefs About How You Learn It is important to consciously reflect on and choose how you define yourself as a learner. Often people are unaware of the way in which they characterize themselves and their abilities. Monitor the messages that you send yourself. Pay attention to your self-talk. Monitor incoming comments from others. Some of these messages may need to be rejected. Balance your success/failure accounts. Most of us remember our failures more vividly than our successes. Take time to reflect upon your successes. Reflect upon the times that you have turned a failure into a success. Do not ignore your successes. Focus on them. The experiential learning cycle is actually a learning spiral. When a concrete experience is enriched by reflection, given meaning by thinking and transformed by action the new experience created becomes richer, broader and deeper. Further iterations of the cycle continue the exploration and transfer to experiences in other contexts. The transformative power of the experiential learning spiral represents the highest culmination of a learning process. Definition of Prejudice Prejudice is a baseless and usually negative attitude toward members of a group. Common features of prejudice include negative feelings, stereotyped beliefs, and a tendency to discriminate against members of the group. While specific definitions of prejudice given by social scientists often differ, most agree that it involves prejudgments (usually negative) about members of a group. Types of Prejudice Prejudice can be based upon a number of factors including sex, race, age, sexual orientations, nationality, socioeconomic status and religion. Some of the most well-known types of prejudice include: Racism Sexism Homophobia Nationalism Religious Prejudice Age Discrimination Economic Discrimination Many today believe that past racism has simply taken a new, more subtle form, that of economic discrimination. What do you think?