The Ideologies and their questions are attached below Reread the definitions of

The Ideologies and their questions are attached below
Reread the definitions of the eight ideologies we will be studying this semester. After looking these over, consider the question attached to each ideology.
Once you’ve thought through this, put it on paper. Type up a three to four sentence response that defines your answers to these questions. Use complete sentences (no bullet points). Look below to see how to format correctly.
This activity is meant to guide your awareness of worldview and of the components of a worldview while simultaneously guiding you to reflect on the worldview you currently hold—and what forms the basis of this worldview. Your grade will be determined by your thorough completion of the assignment, not what you say (although how you say it does matter: just remember to write well).
Sample formatting (in TNR size 12 font, of course):
Soteriology—I believe that we, as humans, need to be saved from bad teeth. The only way for us to be saved from bad teeth is through improved dentistry in our nation. Our fate rests in our dentists’ hands.
Axiology—Right or wrong is determined by MTV. When the cast of Jersey Shore or Sixteen and Pregnant does something, we should follow their example because they are the wealthiest unemployed people on the planet.

In this discussion board, answer the following and quote at least one passage fr

In this discussion board, answer the following and quote at least one passage from each reading to support your answers:
After reading Marquis, “Why Abortion is Immoral”:
What assumption does the author make about the moral status of a fetus? Why is this assumption important to his argument?
The author’s argument makes claims about the fundamental moral issues underlying the killing of another person. In his view, why is killing a moral wrong?
How does he apply the reasoning outlined in your answer to Question 1 and Question 2 to make a moral judgment regarding abortion? What is the evaluation?
After reading Warren, “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion”:
Should we read Warren’s paper as a response to Marquis’s paper? Why or Why not? What are the goals of each part (sections I and II) of Warren’s Paper?
In section II, Warren outlines 5 traits emblematic of ‘personhood’, what are they and what reasons does she give for thinking that a fetus is not a person in the full moral sense?
Why, given section I, is the question of fetal personhood an unavoidable question for Warren in the ‘abortion debate?
After reading Thomson, “A Defense of Abortion”:
What are the central questions that Thomson wants the reader to consider given the Violinist thought experiment?
In the practice of mediating conflicting rights to life between persons, why, according to Thomson’s views, is it important that “if the woman houses the child, it should be remembered that she is a person who houses it.”? How does this observation challenge the ‘extreme view about the impermissibility of abortion”? What, according to Thomson, is that view?
Thomson’s views are complex and nuanced because they navigate the maze of issues that surround our rights to life, when those rights conflict with another, and where people may not have the right to demand that we sacrifice ourselves for them. She is arguing for the moral permissibility of abortion. What does this mean? In some cases, she argues that it is obviously the case that abortion is permissible (i.e., if you are very early in a pregnancy, in cases of sexual assault, or when the life of the mother is in danger) while other cases may require that a mother carry the child to term because an abortion would be highly problematic (i.e., “It would be indecent in the woman to request an abortion, and indecent in a doctor to perform it, if she is in
her seventh month, and wants the abortion just to avoid the nuisance of postponing a trip abroad.”). How does Thompson’s approach to the issue of abortion allow for this kind of nuance?
After reading Wolllard, “Mother Knows Best: Pregnancy, Applied Ethics, and Epistemically Transformative Experiences”, and Little, “Abortion, Intimacy, and the Duty to Gestate”:
What is an epistemically transformational experience? What reasons does Wollard give for thinking that ‘pregnancy’ is an epistemically transformative experience? Why does this matter, according to Wollard, when we are discussing the ethics of abortion?
According to Little, why is being pregnant an intimacy? Why is this such an important observation with thinking about forcing people to gestate?
In this assignment be sure to:
explain, in your own words, each passage you cite. You should quote the passage you are discussing in order to direct people to what you are talking about and provide an appropriate citation/page number.
represent insights you have gained from a passage.
offer a perspective on what it took for you to understand a passage’s content.
Lastly, and most importantly, you must pose a question about some concept or content in the passage for your classmates to respond to.

Instructions 1 Choose one (1) essay topic from options A and B, below. 2 Once yo

1 Choose one (1) essay topic from options A and B, below.
2 Once you choose which question you’d like to write about, write your essay and save it as a Word document.
• Use your course texts to help you respond to the topic, and when you quote and summarize from the course texts, include information about the page reference.
• You are discouraged from using additional sources. If you do choose to use an outside source, be sure to cite your source, just as you do when you use the course texts. If you use a quotation or an example from a website, cite the website’s URL and the date accessed.
3 Upload the essay to the Turnitin dropbox. Review your similarity report. Make any necessary corrections.
4 Post the essay to the correct discussion board.
5 Finally, read your classmates’ posts. A complete assignment includes your written response to at least one essay besides your own–part of your score is based on your reply to at least one of your classmate’s posts. It should be a meaningful reply that continues the discussion, points out something good about the post, and makes a constructive suggestion for improvement.
Topics for your Essay, Choose ONE of the following: A, B or C
Essay Length tips–To answer these topics completely, it takes about 2 pages – 8-10 paragraphs. Use the topic questions and the scoring rubric to see if your draft responds fully to all parts of the question. A complete thoughtful answer is more important than word count.
Topic A: What is the fallacy of Straw Man? How is it different than simply disagreeing with someone else’s point of view?
Use the material in Vaughn’s book to help you give a detailed explanation of what the mistake in a Straw Man is. To demonstrate your understanding and to teach the idea to the rest of the class, provide a relevant real-life example of the logical mistake. (You MAY use an outside source to help you present your example; be sure to summarize or paraphrase, cite, and use announcing verbs.) Choose carefully – consider whether your example does a good job of illustrating a Straw Man. Compare it to similar fallacies, and show why your example is a Straw Man rather than another fallacy like an Appeal to the Person. The discussion of your example should be detailed so that readers can evaluate the fallacy. Argue the case for why your example is an example of Straw Man.
Topic B: Describe William Clifford’s view or other arguments against believing in God without sufficient evidence. Describe William James’ response to this “evidentialism” in his essay “The Will to Believe.” Why does James think belief in God is justifiable? How do critics of James, like Michael Martin, respond to Jame’s view that we should believe in God based on personal “religious experience”?
Topic C: Describe the Buddhist four noble truths. Relate these, especially “dukkha” (suffering), to the Buddhist beliefs in “anicca” (impermanence) and “anatta” (no-self).
What does the argument against believing in God without sufficient evidence look like? Is it plausible that God would look kindly on atheists and agnostics to because they refuse to believe without evidence? After all, aren’t they simply using God’s gift of reason to arrive at their decision?

Using the same Worldview Graphic Organizer and Reflection assignment that was re

Using the same Worldview Graphic Organizer and Reflection assignment that was returned to you by your instructor after completing Part 3, complete part 4.
First, recall the essay, On Worldviews [DOWNLOAD] and the graphic that showed how an individual’s worldview influences beliefs about politics, religion, family, arts, legal institutions, etc. Recall also that the worldview development process is two-way – beliefs about politics, religion, science, etc. also influence worldviews.
Now respond to the following prompt:
Identify three major influences of the development of your worldview. Describe how or in what way they informed its development.
Word count: 150-250
Two references, not including the Bible or class texts

3. Explain Paley’s argument from design, focusing on the two versions that the R

3. Explain Paley’s argument from design, focusing on the two versions that the Rachels identify in the text. Then, drawing on the selection from Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, explain why Hume is not convinced. Explain Darwin’s theory of natural selection and discuss its implications for Paley’s argument. Finally, address the criticisms of Darwin’s theory proposed by intelligent design theorists.