· Choose one of the articles from the “Reading Options” list below to be

·
Choose
one of the articles from the “Reading Options” list below to be the subject of
your reading reflection; all options are from course readings for Modules 1 and
2.
·
Alternatively,
you can choose to conduct your reflection on one of the episodes of first
contact you have watched. If you choose this option, the same directions apply;
as well, the same level and type of analysis is required.
·
You
must engage with the content in a substantive and explicit manner; superficial
analysis is not satisfactory. Do not summarize!
·
Do
not quote from the article. I have read each of these articles – I am
looking for you to share some meaning you made from what you read. I do not
want you to tell me what the author/researcher said. Meaning making is an
individual process, and each of you will likely get something different from
each of the articles/videos. If you are struggling with what to write about,
here are some prompts you can consider:
o
Take
one piece of the article/video that resonated with you and reflect deeply on
why it did. What did this piece mean to you? Does it connect to your life? Does
it reflect processes or structures you see in society?
o
Reflect
on something new you learned from the article/video. How does this new learning
change your worldview? How does it influence social justice (in Canada, or
Alberta, or Lethbridge, or your home community, etc.)?
o
Discuss
a question that arose for you after reading the article or watching the video.
Reflect on your question: why did this question come up? What possible answers
might there be to your question?
o
Remember,
these are only prompts to help you if you are struggling. If you want to go in
another direction with your reflection, you are welcome to do so.
·
Remember
the purpose of a reading reflection is to deeply reflect on the content; to
make personal meaning from the content; and to make connections between the
content and the world around you (i.e., society).
·
I
welcome personal experiences in reading reflections, if they are relevant and only
if you are comfortable including them. However, please make sure to make
meaningful connections between the content of the reading, your personal
experience, and the world around you.
·
To
meaningfully reflect on the reading, you must use critical thinking and
analytical skills.

These instructions are to be followed for the literature review draftsand the fi

These instructions are to be followed for the literature review draftsand the final literature Review. Both assignments will be graded based on how well they meet the requirements indicated in this document. Read this document entirely (all three pages) and follow all guidelines and instructions.
Details about requirements for each section are below. Please follow the format and order provided below. The outline you have already submitted will help with this.
For this literature review, you are reviewing literature about a social problem you think is important to study further.
I. Introduction: Your Introduction should consist of multipleparagraphs (see below), and it should be ½-1 page, double-spaced.You should have a heading for the introduction (stating Introduction), and it should be bold and to the far left of the page.Indent the first line of each paragraph of each section.
a. Introduce your research topic. You should state the topicclearly and concisely.
b. Explain why this topic is important sociologically. Don’t go into too much detail here yet. Just write a few sentences about why this topic is important to society. Do not state your opinion or personal experiences. Cite the importance of the topic using a valid source and use ASA format for your citation.
c. Explain how your review is organized.
What are the main concepts that will be addressed in your literature review?
Let’s say your paper is about racism in US media and you chose to review literature on the three related concepts of racial stereotypes in popular US television sitcoms/comedies; racial stereotypes in popular crime shows; and racial stereotypes in popular US television horror films.
This paper explores three of the main concepts that relate to the topic of racial stereotypes in US media. The concepts covered in this paper are racial stereotypes in popular US television sitcoms/comedies; racial stereotypes in popular crime shows; and racial stereotypes in popular US television horror films.
Then, briefly (in a sentence or two for each concept), how does each concept relate to the larger topic you are studying? For this assignment, stick with three concepts here. Cite any information you provide.
II. Body: Your body should be comprised of sections that correspond to the concepts you indicate in the Introduction(paragraph c above). You need a heading for each section, and the heading should reflect your concept. Do not number the headings. Indent the first line of each paragraph of each section.
For the example above, the three sections and their headings would be:
I. racial stereotypes in popular US television sitcoms/comedies; II. racial stereotypes in popular crime shows; and III. racial stereotypes in popular US television horror films.
Do not forget to introduce and close each section with a sentence focused on the literature (topic sentence and concluding sentence).You must cite all information that you present in ASA format. Do not make claims that are not backed by research, and do not state your opinion.
• Length of body: about 4-6 pages, double-spaced. (Length of each section will vary, but each section typically contains several paragraphs.)
You lose points if you do not meet the above requirements.
III. Conclusion: Summarize what the literature says about your topic and cite this info even if it is already cited in the body of the paper. Identify gaps in the existing research, identify any inconsistencies in published research on your topic, and make suggestions for future studies that would improve our understanding of the issue. You can also include policy implications. Do not state your opinion.
• Approximate length: about ½-1 page, double-spaced.
You lose points if you do not meet the above requirements.
Other Paper Guidelines:
Cover Page: You will need a cover page with your name, the course name, and the topic of your literature review. (This is worth 5 points).
ASA Reference and Citations: You will also need to include aseparate Reference Page at the end of the Literature Review, and you need to use in-text citations for any sources you use. Each source used in the paper must be on the Reference Page, and vice versa. You must use ASA format for your references and citations; refer to the guidelines in Canvas.
If you do not have any in-text citations, you lose 30 points. If yourin-text citations are formatted incorrectly, you lose points based on how greatly they depart from correct ASA format. If you do not have a reference page, you lose 30 points. If your reference page is formatted incorrectly, you lose points based on how greatly it departs from correct ASA format. If you present info in the paper that is not cited, but that should be, you’ll lose points. If you have citations in the paper that are not in the reference page (or vice-versa), you’ll lose points.
Paper Requirements: The paper itself must be 5-8 pages (NOT counting the cover page and reference page), double-spaced, using 12-point font. (You will lose 5 points for each page the paper is too long or too short).
You should have at least 5 (valid, academic) sources. DO NOT USE WEBSITES (unless you use “.gov” sites, but check with me before you do). DO NOT USE Wikipedia. If you cannot find an academic journal or book to use, you might need to choose a new topic. (You will lose 5 points if you have less than 5 valid sources).
Use normal margins (1’’ all around). Begin the paper near the top of the first page… DO NOT space down several times. Only the title of the paper and your name are necessary on the first page of the paper before you begin the actual paper. Also, include page numbers.
You lose points if you do not meet these requirements.
More Guidelines: (You will lose points if you do not follow the guidelines below):
Don’t use contractions in the paper.
Don’t write in first or second person.
Use correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling in the paper.
Do not state your opinion.
For the most part, you are to paraphrase material instead of using direct quotations or block quotes. I will allow you to use one (1-3 sentences) direct quote. If you choose to do this, cite the quoted material properly.
Do not cut and paste from other work. This is plagiarism, which results in a grade of 0 and might result in disciplinary action. Paraphrase the work you’re using and cite it properly.
Do not include the titles of journal, articles, books, or any other sources you cite in the body of the paper. That info goes only on the reference page. When you are discussing someone’s research, you might try this:
McNamee (2020) found that ………. OR Research shows that ……… (McNamee 2020).
AND: When I grade the drafts, I expect you to follow all of these guidelines. I will grade them based on how well you meet these requirements. And, when I grade your final paper, I will compare the comments I made for your drafts to see if you made the requested revisions. If you do not make any and all recommended changes, you will receive a score that is at least 10 points lower than the draft score.

Step One: Pick one of the following scenarios to address. Be sure to label your

Step One: Pick one of the following scenarios to address. Be sure to label your response with the correlating scenario number. (10 points)
You are hanging out with some friends. The topic of race relations comes up in conversation. One of your friends says, “I know that there are still some instances of racism, but those are just committed by a few individuals who are still hanging on to racist beliefs. That’s not how the whole country feels anymore. C’mon, we had Obama as our President!” Now that you’ve learned the material in Lesson Seven, how would you respond to your friend? Use at least 3 pieces of information (vocabulary, theories, concepts, or examples) you learned in this Lesson to support your explanation to your friend.
You are having dinner with your extended family. The topic of race relations comes up in coversation. Your uncle says, “It’s too bad the different races in this country can’t learn to get along. I guess there are just too many differences between us. It’s not like we can change genetics.” Now that you’ve learned the material in Lesson Seven, how would you respond to your uncle? Use at least 3 pieces of information (vocabulary, theories, concepts, or examples) you learned in this Lesson to support your explanation to your uncle.
Step Two: Reply back to one classmate. After reading your classmate’s response to the scenario, what is one follow-up question you anticipate their friend/familymember might ask them? After posing the question, help your classmate out by providing an answer to your own question, utilizing class material as support for your answer. (5 points)
Required Textbook: Stark State College. 2020. Cultural Diversity. Norton.

Connecting Concepts: Sacred Journey Discussion (required) You will then reply to

Connecting Concepts: Sacred Journey Discussion (required)
You will then reply to two classmates in this reply you will please address the student by name. Each of these replies are valued at 5 points each.
Apply critical thinking in terms of what about the student’s post peaked your interest? Weather or not you or the classmate had any experience with this religious ritual or know someone who practiced this religion. Or perhaps addressing if this was completely new to you and what value you found in this learning this new information.
SKM_C30819032108340.pdf
Feedback on classmates discussion post
Tonya Wasilewski
Sacred Journey
Religious rituals help participants cleanse their souls and minds and wash away sins. Some religious rituals can be believed to save the participants. For example, in Ethiopia, the priests state that “he who comes here to live, he who comes here to pray, he who comes here to die will be saved. Religious rituals are a significant part of any religious, and they can create a sense of belongingness for participates, while helping to establish their identity in their religious beliefs. I do think power and hierarchy might be involved because religions have a leader, whether it is a priest or Messiah or a God, and the followers who listen and participate in what the leader instructs. The leaders’ beliefs are the beliefs that are taught to the followers or others.
One symbol is the cross. The cross symbolizes the suffering but sacrifice that was felt for the freedom and life of other people. Many times, the cross holds Jesus on it to show the sacrifice of life he made for the people. People can hang the cross in their house to show their religious beliefs, and many people wear it around their necks to carry and display their religious beliefs. In the religion Taoism, a tiger was a symbol of yin. Many people would place their hands on a stone tiger to seek good fortune. People would place their hands on the stone tiger on the first day of the year at the monastery.
Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia was once the largest church in the Christian world, and it was used to symbolize Constantinople- now it is a massive museum. Past rituals can still be used today because it helps to preserve the religious beliefs and religious rituals that were used when first being practiced. Rituals help connect present-day believers/practices to past believers to help provide a sense of belonging. These can help preserve memories and keep the faith/religion accurate and become more widely known/practiced. Some other rituals that help maintain historical connections are fasting, prayers, communion, and baptisms.
Required Textbook: Stark State College. 2020. Cultural Diversity. Norton.

Connecting Concepts: Sacred Journey Discussion (required) You will then reply to

Connecting Concepts: Sacred Journey Discussion (required)
You will then reply to two classmates in this reply you will please address the student by name. Each of these replies are valued at 5 points each.
Apply critical thinking in terms of what about the student’s post peaked your interest? Weather or not you or the classmate had any experience with this religious ritual or know someone who practiced this religion. Or perhaps addressing if this was completely new to you and what value you found in this learning this new information.
SKM_C30819032108340.pdf
Feedback on classmates discussion post
8 hours ago
Butch Fortner
Sacred Journey
B.Fortner
Prof. Willmott
Sacred Journey
6/29/22
Religion relies heavily on rituals because they give followers a way to express and validate their religious beliefs. Communication is one of the fundamental goals of rituals. Rituals help to connect with oneself, others, or their Gods. A significant component of religion is ritual. It aids in developing identity and provides people with a sense of belonging. Yes, I believe power and hierarchy are present, the way these religious ceremonies are performed shows authority and hierarchy. These practices are generally or only ever performed by priests or other individuals who are seen as belonging to a higher authority or social hierarchy. They have power and control over others and religious proceedings thanks to this bestowed or otherwise inherited authority.
The priests who conduct these numerous rituals are the manifestation of this rank order in many religions. From the lowest religious figures to the local leaders among the many religions all the way to top religious leaders in the world. There are numerous symbols for every single different religion plus numerous different religious symbols around the globe. For the most part, I would say that some pieces of art, sculptures, and architecture are just purely symbolic. Even while many of these artifacts today may or may not precisely coincide with the faith they represent, many of them once paid homage in show of pure devoutness to their respective religions by displaying them to the public. These symbols convey the power and influence that religions have over people who practice or accept them and how it is intertwined in every fabric of their lives. Naturally, people will express themselves outwardly in their work.
Rituals are the means by which civilizations maintain their identity, persevering with the past and passing on their heritage to those who will carry on long after. It is a direct link to the past that enables individuals to connect with the source of their beliefs. These rituals include prayer, going to religious services, celebrating/participating in holiday events, fasting, pilgrimages to holy sites and cities.
Required Textbook: Stark State College. 2020. Cultural Diversity. Norton.