You are expected to write a term-paper (5 pages) on a topic of your choosing that is suitably related to one or more of the readings discussed during the semester. Critically engage with the material given and defend your position on the subject. The topic and material needed for this paper is uploaded under Assignment 1, Love.
Read the Lectures 3.2. Post a response of at least 250 words to the following questions. You may do so in one post.
1. Explain why most Atheist philosophers seek to argue that God’s existence is unlikely rather than argue the God does not exist outright.
2. Pick one example of a proof for the existence of God traditionally used by theists and explain why it is or is not a sound argument.
I am developing my epistemological stance or paradigmatic perspective. By using Foucauldian discourse on knowledge/power and resistance. Use metaphors like panopticon and the gaze. Draw parallels from medical practices to oppressive schools. Then leverage this epistemological stance to argue about black students and how they can disrupt punitive practices in schools. Must use and provide a minimum of 10 sources. String citations. And citations must be from English language sources.
I need a short assignment (one page), not an essay, written on the above prompt. I’m attaching below the Foot reading you’ll need to consult as well as a short reading outline from class that goes over the main terms/concepts.
Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy exercise and need support to help me learn.
This assignment is all about carefully constructing, structuring, and communicating an argument.
Thinking: Before you sit down to write, begin by drawing some connections between the details of the Aristotelian virtue ethics framework and the Enron story. We started this process in class, and I’d like you to build on that foundation.
You might begin by asking these questions: 1) What vices (and/or virtues) were exhibited by various actors in the Enron saga (focus on one or two people)? 2) In the broader business context, what makes those particular character traits vices (or virtues)? How do they fit into the broader purpose of business? 3) How did the corporate culture at Enron contribute to the development of these vices (or virtues)? 4) How did the broader business culture in the US shape Enron’s corporate culture?
If you need to review the documentary, you can find it here: https://www.kanopy.com/en/product/10736385?vp=widener (Links to an external site.)
You might also find my lecture videos on Aristotle useful. You can find them in the Virtue Ethics module.
Planning: The next thing you need to do is plan your paper. What’s your THESIS? What claim are you going to try to defend (i.e., to convince your reader of) in this paper? What’s the story you want to tell?
It often helps to write a rough outline at this stage in the writing process. Briefly summarize the story you want your paper to tell, then lay out the thesis you’re going to defend and the key claims you’re going to have to make in order to defend that thesis. Think about how to fit them all together into a coherent whole.
One option for your thesis is to claim that a particular individual exhibited a particular virtue or vice for a particular reason. If you take this route, your argument will have to make three key moves. First, you’ll need to explain what the vice (or virtue) is and convince your reader that it really is a vice (or virtue) in the Aristotelian sense. Second, you’ll need to give some evidence that the particular individual you’re looking at exhibits this vice (or virtue). Third, you’ll need to explain how the culture at Enron or the broader business culture in the US encouraged this sort of behavior. (THIS is just one option…you are free to format the paper differently)
Consider an objection. Any good argumentative essay needs to consider an objection. You should make your argument (I say…), then consider how your opponent might object to the argument you made (One might reply that…). How could you respond to or explain away this objection? Don’t forget to do this in your paper!
Write: It’s finally time to write your paper. Using the outline you’ve made, work to convey your argument as clearly as you possibly can to your reader. You should assume your reader is not familiar with the philosophical terminology you’re using, so make sure you define your terms carefully! You may write in the first person, and you may use quotations from the text (though they are not necessary).
In this essay, I am most concerned with the structure of your argument. Do the premises of the argument (the reasons you give and the examples you cite) clearly support the conclusions you are defending? Do you state those conclusions clearly? Is it easy for your reader to follow your argument?
Read and Revise: Once you’ve written your first draft, you should read and revise your paper. Reading your paper aloud (or having your computer read it to you) is a great way to find grammatical and syntactical mistakes and to ensure that your reader can easily understand what you’ve written.
You may draw on any of the resources we’ve used for the class (assigned readings, lecture videos, supplementary videos, class discussion). You may also use outside resources such as the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, and/or published, peer-reviewed journal articles. DO NOT use random websites, blog posts, YouTube videos, etc.
You MUST cite your sources. When you use any published material, including assigned readings, you must cite both the author and the page number (if possible), though it is up to you which citation style you use. Citations must be provided not only for direct quotations but also for paraphrases and for ideas you are using from other authors.
LENGTH: 2-4 pages.
Learning Goal: I’m working on a philosophy discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
CO2: Examine the relevance of language and logic to problems of knowledge and reality.
CO5: Evaluate various approaches to the mind-body problem
CO6: Evaluate various approaches to the problem of free will.
Again, please do not start a new thread. Please post to the threads I have started below for the option of choice.
Please pick one of the following questions to answer for the forum this week:
Option 1: Why doesn’t Descartes simply determine what’s real by looking around him and using his sense experience? What is the reason he felt he needed to adopt radical skepticism, and do you feel he is successful? Be sure to use passages from the Meditations or his Discourse on Method to support your assertions.
Option 2: In Meditation II, Descartes states, “I am; I exist – this is certain.” Explain why Descartes claims that his knowledge about this cannot be doubted? Can you think of a refutation, or does it make good sense? Why does he have to prove we have immaterial minds? Keep in mind he also concludes that anything he “clearly and distinctly perceives” is something he cannot doubt (See last paragraphs of Meditation VI).
Option 3: In Meditation V, Descartes proffers an ontological argument for God’s existence. Assess that argument and determine if you find it convincing. Then discuss if this argument is enough for him to claim in the last paragraph of Meditation VI, “For from the fact that God is not a deceiver it follows that in cases like these I am completely free from error.” Also, discuss just what “cases” he means.
Three posts minimum.
The initial forum response is due by Thursday at 11:55 p.m. EST and should be a substantive response to the discussion prompt.
For peer replies, respond to at least two of your classmates by Sunday at 11:55 p.m. EST and give meaningful replies that advance the discussion.
Before you post, please thoroughly edit your writing to ensure it is professional and academic. For more details about the initial post and peer replies are graded, see the attached grading rubric.
Also, be sure to see my comments in the Week 1 announcement “About How Discussions Are Assessed.”