Below is a discussion post written by my colleague. Please respond to this post

Below is a discussion post written by my colleague. Please respond to this post using a minimum of 250 words. Use peer reviewed resources. Do not give opinions, but state facts. The goal here is to expand and enhance the discussion with additional ideas and references.Leadership principles with Administrative approaches to COVID-19I am reviewing the case written in 2020 entitled “Fighting COVID-19 Through Government Initiatives and Collaborative Governance: The Taiwan Experience”. As the COVID-19 pandemic rages on , Taiwan has been hailed as a success story. Although COVID-19 outbreak occurred early one would have expected high morbidity and mortality in Taiwan due to its close proximity to the origin of the outbreak in Wuhan, China. As the author (Huang 2020) notes, “citizens are willing to help one another and trust each other in order to maintain a safe and healthy society”. Along these lines (Fischer 2010) describes a situation where leaders have a dual role of getting the job done and caring for people (p44).Taiwan is a parliamentary republic consisting of six special municipalities, three autonomous municipalities and thirteen counties. If we compare these units of local government we see the United States have individual large municipalities such as the major cities New York, Houston, Chicago etc.however absent in Taiwan are states and the provinces have been resolved in the interest of efficiency.(ref) Just as the United States struggles with federalism and the role of the state governments versus the federal government particularly in the pandemic, Taiwan is arranged differently with an elected president and a prime minister who is appointed by the president. (Ref) As the United States has grown in complexity and the burdens of government continue to grow, the inability or unwillingness of the federal government to bear the problems remains manifest. (Dertwich p461) in Shafritz and Hyde 2017). The contingency and covenant theories (Fischer 2010) p46 are demonstrated by Taiwan in sharp contrast to the United States. Unlike the United States the central government is solely responsible for policy formation and the local governments for implementation. Thus a covenant relationship exists between the central government and local governments in Taiwan. At the very outbreak of the disease contingency teams were organized by the leadership as described by covenant and contingency theories (Fischer (2010).As the disease spread the Central Epidemic Command Center was instituted with the Taiwan CDC head as the Chief Commander. When confirmed cases were reported in communities the Minister of Health and Welfare was appointed as the Chief Commander. Finally, as COVID-19 began to spread in the Community the Central Epidemic Command Center appointed the prime minister as the Chief Commander. The leaders were transformational in that they looked beyond their own self interest and focused on the goals of the organization ( Fischer 2010) p48.The author Huang describes mutual trust and cooperation as a hallmark of the Taiwanese people. In this way the Taiwan governmental institutions and the people through volunteerism have demonstrated what ( Fischer 2010) describes as self leadership (p52). Whether or not the leader is present the “war on COVID-19” remains a priority through cooperation with both the general public volunteering to delivering food to those quarantined and non-governmental organizations such as the Taiwan Pharmacy Association coordinating supply and distributions of masks. This type of leadership substitute has no doubt contributed to the success of Taiwan in battling the COVID-19 pandemic.There seems to be little in the way of Taiwan having a problem with receiving an order from a superior or a leader and taking responsibility for carrying out those orders to the best of their ability. (Parker-Follet chapter 12 in Shafritz and Hyde 2017 pp 76-83)The flexibility and success reflects the fact that the leadership structure was that of an Incident Command System ICS with high levels of trust and mutual cooperation [hesed] ( Fischer 2010) and clear lines of authority due to strong mutual trust and a positive prior working relationship (Moynahan 2009). The Taiwanese had prior experience with the similar crisis of the 2003 SARS outbreak. Nowell and Steelman (2015) have found that communication is most effective through different governmental organizations when the stakeholders who are embedded ( in the case of Taiwan the CECC) and have similar roles as with previous experience in this case the SARS 2003 outbreak.The constitution of Taiwan was instituted in 1947 and for forty years the country was under Marshall law. Since then the government has undergone major reforms at least seven times to this date. For example it has done away with the Provences as political entities to make the government more relevant to the country’s current situation. (taiwan.gov.tw)Undoubtedly there were many statesman responsible for leading the nation during the overhauls the likes of which would be statesmen such as Madison for preserving the states (Ruderman 2012) for his legislative and executive statesmanship, Taft for his federal judicial statesmanship (Burns 2018), and Lincoln in preserving the union by instituting Marshall law and suspending habeas corpus (Ruderman 2012) and Franklin for his classic statesmanship and the individual virtues of self discipline moderation and a sense of justice (Baldwin 2012).In short, no matter what form of democratic government there are universal consistencies that true statesman exhibit in improving their governments and their abilities to respond to major crisesReferencesBaldwin,C.E. Franklins Classical American Statesmanship (2012)Perspctives in Political Science 41(2) pp67-74 DOI-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1080/10457097.2012.660446Burns, K.J. Chief Justice as Chief Executive: Taft’s Judicial Statesmanship Journal of Supreme Court History DOI-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1111/jsch 12165Derthick,M. ( 1987) American Federalism: Madisons Middle Ground in the 1980s Public Administrative Review 47(1) pp67-74 American Society for Public Administration Fischer, K. “ A Biblical-Covenantal Perspective on Organizational Behavior and Leadership Faculty Publications and Presentations. 523 https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/gov_fac_pubs/52…Huang, I.Y. (2020) Fighting COVID-19 through Government Initiatives and Collaborative Governance: The Taiwan Experience. Public Administrative Review 80 (4) pp665-670 The American Society for Public Administration DOI: 10.1111/puar 13239Moynihan, D.P. (2020) The Network Governance of Crisis Response: Case Studies of Incident Command Systems. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 19(4) pp895-915 DOI: 10.1093/jopart/mun033Nowell, B., Steelman, T. (2015) Communication under Fire: The Role of Embeddedness in the Emergence and Efficacy fo Disaster Response Communication Networks Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 25(3) pp929-952, DOI.org/10.1093/iopart/muuo21 Ruderman,R.S. Statesmanship Reconsidered (2012) Perspectives on Political Science 41(2) pp 86-89 DOI-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1080/10457097.2012.660841Shafritz,J Hyde,A. Chapt 12 The Giving of Orders From Scientific Foundations of Buisness Administration (1926) Williams and Wilkins retreived from Classics of Public Administration (2017) Cengage Learning pp 76-83
Requirements: Minimum 250

Below is a discussion post written by my colleague. Please respond to this post

Below is a discussion post written by my colleague. Please respond to this post using a minimum of 250 words. Use peer reviewed resources. Do not give opinions, but state facts. The goal here is to expand and enhance the discussion with additional ideas and references.I chose to analyze a rather interesting case study entitled “Improving Price Transparency for Consumer Health Care Services.” Price transparency in healthcare is a hotly debated and controversial topic that was brought to the forefront in the 2020 Presidential election. House, Hunt, & Umeh (2020) note that the health care industry is unique in that consumers are not immediately aware of the expected costs for the health care services they seek (p. 128). This is a significant problem that can lead to predatory billing practices, price gouging, and patients receiving exorbitant medical bills that they truly do not understand. Politicians have attempted to remedy this issue through legislation, first in the Affordable Care Act and then more recently through the passing of Executive Order 13877 which President Trump signed into law in 2019. Section 1 of the executive order reads “to make fully informed decisions about their healthcare, patients must know the price and quality of a good or service in advance (Woolley et al, 2020, para. 1). This is an issue that is truly unique to the healthcare industry, as there is no other profession in which the customer is completely unaware of the cost of a service that is being provided to them. Imagine going into a restaurant, opening the menu, and finding that there are no prices listed for the food items. Furthermore, it is also the only profession (that I can think of) in which prices vary with such significance from one location to another for the same service. This is where price transparency in healthcare becomes an ethical issue, as those within the medical profession are very much aware of the significant price discrepancies from one hospital to another. And while those within medicine are not public servants per se, patients come to them at their weakest moments and place all their trust in physicians. They have an obligation (perhaps even a Hippocratic Oath) to not take advantage of their patients. According to Shafritz & Hyde (2017), public service is a concept, an attitude, a sense of duty—yes, even a sense of public morality (p. 492). Furthermore, those within healthcare are also fully aware that the average citizen will have difficulty navigating what has become a very complex healthcare system. A typical patient is only aware that he/she is responsible for their co-payment and deductible. They have no intimate knowledge of the costs associated with the medical service that they require or what expenses are covered by their medical provider. House, Hunt, & Umeh (2020) state that it can be difficult to have a complete understanding of the full cost of these services—especially for serious illnesses and more complex conditions (p. 128). Implementing price transparency aims to remedy this by allowing patients to act more like consumers, they are provided the opportunity to “shop around” and compare medical services from hospital to hospital. “Providing a standardized set of price information in a user-friendly format could help to ensure consistency and increase the likelihood that consumers will understand the information provided” (House et al, 2020, p. 127). Much in the same manner that President Bush called for a renewed interest in public service in the late 1980’s in order to increase public trust in the government, doctors today like Dr. Marty Makary view price transparency as a way of mending a diminishing patient-client relationship. He states that the US healthcare system needs to “reduce overprescribing, increase price transparency, make medical billing practices fairer, and recapture the public’s trust in the health care system” (Mattina, 2020, para. 1). In bringing these issues to light (Makary has written two books on the need for price transparency in healthcare), Dr. Makary is very much acting in the spirit of classical statesmanship. In doing so, “he is not advocating any particular political policy, institution, or even ideology. His goal is to shape the overarching character and way of life of his fellow citizens” (Baldwin, 2012, p. 74). Those within healthcare are resistant to change and doctors such as Makary face harsh criticism from their colleagues. Throughout both his books (The Price We Pay/Unaccountable), Dr. Makary references the ethical obligation he has as a doctor to do what is right by his patients. Ruderman (2012) states that the deepest morality may have to enter contentious waters and steel itself to widespread public opprobrium (p. 89). It is imperative that those within healthcare embrace the implementation of price transparency due to the unique relationship they share with their patients. People come to them at their most vulnerable times and place every ounce of trust that they have in medical professionals believing in their expertise. Healthcare is like no other profession in that way. Price transparency can be used as a method to increase the publics trust in the profession while at the same time re-personalizing healthcare. In Matthew 10:8 Jesus directed his twelve apostles to “Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those who have leprosy, drive out demons. Freely you have received; freely give” (Holy Bible, NIV, 2011). Leaders within healthcare need to take a transformational leadership approach, which according to Fischer (2010) entails encouraging followers to look beyond their own self-interest and focus on the transcendent, meaningful goals of the organization (p. 48).Baldwin, C. (2012). Franklin’s Classical American Statesmanship. Perspective on Political Science, 41(2), 67-74.Fischer, K. (2010). A Biblical-Covenantal Perspective on Organizational Behavior & Leadership. Liberty University Faculty Publications and Presentations. https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/cgi/viewcontent…House, M., Hunt, S., Umeh, A. (2020). Improving Price Transparency for Consumer Health Care Services. Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences, 32(2), 126-137.Mattina, C. (2020). Makary Calls for Price Reform, Transparency to Fulfill Patient-Centered Medical Heritage. The American Journal of Managed Care, 1-7.Ruderman, R. (2012). Statesmanship Reconsidered. Perspective on Political Science, 41(2), 86-89.Shafritz, J. Hyde, A. (2017). Classics of Public Administration. Boston, MA. Cengage Learning.The Holy Bible New International Version. (2011). Grand Rapids, MI. Zondervan Publishing.Woolley, T. (2019). Executive Order 13877. The American Presidency Project. https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/document/executive…
Requirements: Minimum 250

Learning Goal: I’m working on a policy multi-part question and need an explanati

Learning Goal: I’m working on a policy multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.Key Assignment DraftPart 1Craft a 1 page memo. Make sure to include the following points in the memo:Explain how legal barriers may or may not prohibit information sharing at the different levels of government.
Include decision-making products as they relate to your chosen Key Assignment topic.
Review the Key Assignment selected strategy and determine what (if any) barriers there may be to information sharing.
Determine whether or not any barriers to information sharing are identified.
Determine whether or not an implementation plan addresses those identified barriers.
Determine how the strategy that you have selected fits into the overall information-sharing global structure.
Part 2Review your selected strategy, conduct an assessment of the primary policies within the strategy (or the goals and objectives), and provide a detailed assessment of the pros and cons of each. Consider the intelligence cycle and the processing of information as well as interagency coordination and information sharing.Complete a PowerPoint presentation of 8–10 slides, and include the following:Assess the primary policies of the selected Key Assignment strategy.
Assess the pros and cons of each policy, taking into consideration the intelligence cycle and interagency coordination.
Provide any recommendations for improvements to the overarching goals and objectives or primary polices of the strategy.
Provide recommendations for implementation.
Submit a 1–2 page executive summary of your findings.
Include a cover slide and a reference slide.
Part 3Please submit a draft of your Key Assignment, drawing from your work in previous weeks and 2-3 new pages.Provide a written analysis of a specific intelligence and information-sharing strategy. Your draft should examine the strategy of an agency, such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), or any national strategy that involves intelligence and information sharing, such as intelligence-led policing. Your draft should be 15–20 pages in length and should provide an in-depth analysis to determine whether or not the current strategy meets the intelligence and information sharing needs for homeland security (HLS), and make recommendations for improvement.The analysis will examine factors such as, but not limited to the following:A brief description of the strategy to include the agency responsible for the strategy and the history and evolution of the document
An analysis of the agency’s past and current structure and capabilities
Identification of information-sharing barriers and an explanation of how and why they are classified as barriers
A description of the specific policies within the strategy
Identification of legal entities and legal barriers
A description of whether or not there are ethical and privacy considerations
The intelligence cycle
Interagency coordination
You must include a reference page using APA formatting.
Requirements: 10 slides ptt and papger

Learning Goal: I’m working on a policy multi-part question and need an explanati

Learning Goal: I’m working on a policy multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.Part 1Craft a 1-page memo. Make sure to include the following points in the memo:Explain how legal barriers may or may not prohibit information sharing at the different levels of government.
Include decision-making products as they relate to your chosen Key Assignment topic.
Review the Key Assignment selected strategy and determine what (if any) barriers there may be to information sharing.
Determine whether or not any barriers to information sharing are identified.
Determine whether or not an implementation plan addresses those identified barriers.
Determine how the strategy that you have selected fits into the overall information-sharing global structure.
Part 2Review your selected strategy, conduct an assessment of the primary policies within the strategy (or the goals and objectives), and provide a detailed assessment of the pros and cons of each. Consider the intelligence cycle and the processing of information as well as interagency coordination and information sharing.Complete a PowerPoint presentation of 8–10 slides, and include the following:Assess the primary policies of the selected Key Assignment strategy.
Assess the pros and cons of each policy, taking into consideration the intelligence cycle and interagency coordination.
Provide any recommendations for improvements to the overarching goals and objectives or primary polices of the strategy.
Provide recommendations for implementation.
Submit a 1–2 page executive summary of your findings.
Include a cover slide and a reference slide.
Part 3Please submit a draft of your Key Assignment, drawing from your work in previous weeks and 2-3 new pages.Provide a written analysis of specific intelligence and information-sharing strategy. Your draft should examine the strategy of an agency, such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), or any national strategy that involves intelligence and information sharing, such as intelligence-led policing. Your draft should be 15–20 pages in length and should provide in-depth analysis to determine whether or not the current strategy meets the intelligence and information sharing needs for homeland security (HLS), and make recommendations for improvement.The analysis will examine factors such as, but not limited to the following:A brief description of the strategy to include the agency responsible for the strategy and the history and evolution of the document
An analysis of the agency’s past and current structure and capabilities
Identification of information-sharing barriers and an explanation of how and why they are classified as barriers
A description of the specific policies within the strategy
Identification of legal entities and legal barriers
A description of whether or not there are ethical and privacy considerations
The intelligence cycle
Interagency coordination
Ya reference page using APA formatting.
Requirements: 10 slide and paper   |   .doc file

Learning Goal: I’m working on a policy report and need an explanation and answer

Learning Goal: I’m working on a policy report and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.Locate your state’s constitution and examine the major elements and articles within it.Review its contents and functions. Search for information about the branches of government and the funding sources for your state government.Write a minimum 1300-word paper that addresses the following:How are the main components of government set up by your state’s constitution?
Which branch of your state government seems the most powerful, on paper? What evidence do you have for your choice?
Does the state constitution contain a Bill of Rights? If so, what appears to be the most important feature?
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
Requirements: 1300 Words   |   .doc file