1. Higher Education – Decreased student enrollment in higher education. Pleas

1. Higher Education – Decreased student enrollment in higher education. Please outline the problem using available data, look at options recommended through the literature, identify best-practices from institutions who are addressing this, and finally give a recommendation (as if it was to the board of Regents for SUU) on what can be done to address this budget impact.
Properly formatted memo as per APA standards (Version 7).
The paper should be between 6-8 pages in body length (no more, no less), this page length does not cover your reference page.
The paper must conform to current APA standards (Version 7).
The paper should include citable information from your textbook reading and lectures (cite properly).
This paper should also include 1 or 2 additional sources. This will constitute your properly formatted “works cited” page.
Final papers will be submitted to me by the due date listed. Late papers will be penalized 10% if late between 1-2 days from the due date, 30% late from days 4-7 from the due date. No grade will be given for papers turned in after seven days from due date.

Answer the following questions, 1) Chapter 6-Discuss how syste

Answer the following questions,
1)
Chapter 6-Discuss how systems theory be used to
explain the workings of a government organization
2)
Chapter 7- Discuss how an understanding of group
dynamics allows managers to motivate their subordinates more effectively
3)
Chapter 8- Discuss the origins of Total Quality
Improvement (TQM) as well as whether its applicability can be generalized in
the public sector
4)
Chapter 9- Discuss the key limitations that
public administrators face when developing regulations
5)
Chapter 10- Discuss why micromanagement is a
trap that so many leaders fall into?
The format should be double-spaced
with clear 1-inch margins across each page.
No one line answers.
Put the question number next to each answer

Hello! I am writing a research paper on the following: Nonprofit organizations

Hello!
I am writing a research paper on the following:
Nonprofit organizations (NPOs) are responsible for driving regulatory compliance by integrating established policies, state governments, and engaged stakeholders to increase transparency and effective organizational performance. Small nonprofits are at higher risk of having their IRS revoked due to a lack of funding, governance, and structure. Organizations that fail to file an annual information return or notice for three consecutive years automatically lose their tax-exempt status by revocation and can adversely affect their fundraising and operational success. As of May 2020, the IRS has revoked the status of more than 30,000 nonprofit organizations for failing to file tax returns. The problem is that executives’ perceptions of failed nonprofits’ compliance with federal regulations are unknown. This research aims to determine the perceptions of nonprofit leaders of nonprofits that have had their IRS revoked regarding federal compliance of small nonprofits.
I am at this point looking for help in writing a sort of cost analysis of why we should care about said issue above. So, I’d like a research paper that answers some or all of the following questions:
Why is it important to understand this?
What is the cost to start a nonprofit?
Issues the IRS backlogs are currently facing?
What are the fees associated with regular nonprofit compliance?
What are the costs of revocation?
This one might be hard to answer: but… is there any data on how the IRS being backlogged affects our tax funds?
Below are a couple of good sources but I am also interested in finding articles or other sources that discuss how much starting nonprofit costs both the taxpayers and the IRS.
https://www.irs.gov/newsroom/national-taxpayer-advocate-issues-midyear-report-to-congress-expresses-concern-about-continued-refund-delays-and-poor-taxpayer-service
https://www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/current-edition-of-exempt-organizations-update
https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f12339.pdf
https://www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/charitable-organizations/wheres-my-application-for-tax-exempt-status
https://www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/exempt-organizations-form-1023-ez-approvals

Throughout this course, you have analyzed your current work environment to ident

Throughout this course, you have analyzed your current work environment to identify the acquiring, developing, and training practices. Employees are the biggest asset and contribute to the culture and overall performance of the organization. This project requires you to determine how to leverage the human capital within your organization. Use the research you have complied throughout this course to determine how to appropriately develop and motivate your employees.
*THE ORGANIZATION IS BASED ON HEALTHCARE EMPLOYEES.
A few positions within the a healthcare organization is the Outpatient Dept, Inpatient Dept, Information Technology (IT), Medical Dept, Nursing etc.
Develop a written proposal (1,000-1,250 words), discussing performance indicators, rewards and incentives, and a plan for motivating employees. Your proposal must include the following:
Describe tasks and performance indicators that contribute to the overall employee performance on the job.
How will you identify an employee’s strengths and skills to leverage their performance?
Develop strategies to improve employee performance. How will you provide employees with rewards and incentives for performance improvement?
How will you integrate rewards and incentives to remain competitive in the marketplace and recruit and retain the employees?
Describe a vision for the overall culture you aspire to develop in your organization, relative to the employees being the biggest asset.

This week we consider the economics of the nonprofit sector. One of the key dis

This week we consider the economics of the nonprofit sector. One of the key discussion points is around whether regulation of nonprofit charities is appropriate, and if so, at what level. For this week’s Big Idea, please address the following points:
Currently, how do we regulate nonprofit charities?
Develop a case study of a real nonprofit organization that points to the need for greater regulation.
How could we ideally regulate nonprofits? Are there other jurisdictions (e.g. countries) that do it better?
Are there types of nonprofits that may require or need less regulation? What are they and why?

Based upon this prompt, reply to the below post: Compare and contrast key appro

Based upon this prompt, reply to the below post: Compare and contrast key approaches toward public administration as detailed in assigned readings. Evaluate these approaches according to required readings and presentations for this week and a Biblical/covenantal model of statesmanship, leadership and organizational behavior. Consider the relevance of these approaches to your academic and professional work in public administration.
Module #1 Discussion Board: Compare and contrast key approaches toward public administration as detailed in assigned readings. Evaluate these approaches according to required readings and presentations for this week and a Biblical/covenantal model of statesmanship, leadership, and organizational behavior. Consider the relevance of these approaches to your academic and professional work in public administration.
Q. 1. Summarize your perspective on the history and competing world views of ethics in public administration. Review the Esther assignment below—include what you learn about worldviews from Haman and Mordecai.
Throughout the entire assigned readings this week we were able to see the history of public administration including views from the ancient times of Confucius, the early nineteenth century, up to the present day involving ethical judgements and the effect it has on public trust. A common theme in the foundation of public administration seemed to be a dichotomy of where a group or individual morality stood, and how ethical judgements took place, and who’s version was theoretically right?
Furthermore, for many years as a collective whole public administration entities have been looked at rather negatively. In comparison today, many people complain about the bureaucracy and call for reform in the Civil Service and Government Service job selection process, yet that is not a new phenomenon. From the foundation of the American Republic, it has been noted that corruption, bureaucracy and reform have historically been an ongoing theme.
“While federal civil service reform is generally dated from the post–Civil War period, the political roots of the reform effort go back much earlier—to the beginning of the republic. Thomas Jefferson was the first president to face the problem of a philosophically hostile bureaucracy.” (Shafritz & Hyde, 2016, p. 6)
Taking it even further back in history, in the Book of Ester, some significant ethical issues involved the most precious thing of all, the preservation of human life. As the Book of Ester unfolds numerous individuals are portrayed as manipulating and deceiving at the risk of others’ peril. Ester, who is an orphan, is taken in by Mordecai (both are Jewish). Both seem to be very ethical and upstanding. As the King grows weary of his wife and the fact, that she will not go to him, he calls across the lands for a young woman to be his mistress or his next bride. Ester is thus chosen. As a plot to oust the King is unfolding Mordecai informs Ester who expediently informs the King. (Cross Way Bibles, 2002, p. 411 2:19)
The plot is foiled but a man named Haman takes credit for the information and he is elevated to the King’s best aide. Mordecai for better or worse does not pay any respects (prostrate) to Haman. Haman decides since he is Jewish it must be all Jewish and plans to hang Mordecai and wage war against all Jewish people around the land. In the end, that plan also goes wayward, and Mordecai eventually is found to be the person who informed the King of the plot to kill him.(Cross Way Bibles, 2002, p. 411 2:19)
In my mind, the worldview of Haman is he is a prime example of evil and a persecutor of the Jewish people. As for Mordecai, he grew to second in rank to the king, he was great among the Jewish and popular with a multitude of his brothers, for he sought the welfare of his people and spoke peace to all his people. (Cross Way Bibles, 2002, p. 416 10:2) I believe Mordecai’s characteristics are critical regarding the values of the covenant with God. The covenant is defined as “A covenant is a morally informed agreement among various parties to ratify and establish a long-term, mutually affirming relationship. (Fischer K. , A Biblical-Covenantal Perspective on Organizational Behavior & Leadership, 2010, p. 8)
I believe the true purpose and meaning of the covenant is for everyone to care for each other equally and to be responsible and accountable for their actions for a healthy balance to be achieved. Mordecai emulated that Haman represented greed and was willing to kill another person due to their religious faith for his social status improvement.
Q. 2. What role do you believe ethics has (or should have) in public administration?
In the reading of the Responsibility in Public Administration Ethics, Plant notes that the growing distrust of the “administrative state” and the role of career and appointed public administrators in democratic governance as a factor for administrative responsibility is a problematic topic. (Plant, 2018, p. S34) For public administration, you have to have people’s trust and with the current state of our political affairs, the American public is yearning for professionally and ethically based ideas of justice, fairness, and competence. Just the minimum of those I believe allows public administration personnel in democratic systems to function effectively despite conditions of great uncertainty, ambiguity, and rapid or significant change.
Further in the reading some items such as “core principles, such as transparency, accountability, moral reasoning, standards of conduct, social equity, corruption, and responsibility, have been the basis of increasingly sophisticated analyses” (Plant, 2018, p. S43). Without those items in public administration, you potentially do not have any ethics.
The Bowman text, almost negates ethics due to it not being brought up in school, “It should be noted that no formal standards exist for the scope or content of ethics in public administration education, the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs. (Bowman, Berman, & West, 2001, p. 195) But, then as you read further it defines Pillars of Ethics necessary for public service which can be equated to criteria for public administration or a public service practitioner.
“The sense of public service, a strong emphasis on ethical behavior, a well-developed group identity, and well-established professional bodies that support the ideals of public service all provide part of the professional identity of the public service practitioner” (Bowman, Berman, & West, 2001, p. 195)
The reading of the text Ethics in American Public Administration: A response to a changing reality identifies even more criteria that should be hallmarks of Public service, items such as integrity, honesty, impartiality, etc.
“The new public service ethos is rooted in both public sector virtues of honesty, integrity, impartiality, and community service. (Hijal-Moghrabi & Sabharwal, 2018, p. 465)
A very powerful example of what public offices should be or try to emulate can be identified by four statements made by Dorman B. Eaton as the chair of the first Civil Service Commission established by President Grant in 1871. These principles are from 1871 but still hold merit today.
1. Public office creates a relationship of trust and duty of a kind which requires all authority and influence pertaining to it to be exercised with the same absolute conformity to moral standards, to the spirit of the constitution and the laws, and the common interest of the people…
2. In filling offices, it is the right of the people to have the worthiest citizens in the public service for the general welfare…
3. The personal merits of the candidate—are in themselves the highest claim upon an office. . .
4. Party government and the salutary activity of parties are not superseded, but they are made purer and more efficient, by the merit system of office which brings larger capacity and higher character to their support . . .”(Shafritz & Hyde, 2016, p. 7)
Q. 3. Are any Biblical principles regarding ethics applicable to us as public administrators?
I truly believe everything starts with your relationship with God. As public administrators I believe these two Proverbs verses are synonymous with leadership.
“Do not withhold good from those to whom it is due when it is in the power of your hand to do so” Proverbs 3:27. (Cross Way Bibles, 2002, p. 529)
“Treating others justly and fairly also is a characteristic of ethical leadership. “To do righteousness and justice is more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice” (Proverbs 21:3). (Cross Way Bibles, 2002, p. 543)
Fischer states: “A worldview is the intellectual, emotional, and perhaps even spiritual framework by which we apprehend reality and assign meaning to life.” (Fischer K. J., 2004, p. 1)
From Doctor Fischer’s video A Worldview Perspective on Organizational Behavior at the .25 mark he states the biblical idea of the covenant as an integrated paradigm for residual behavior in leadership practices. (Fischer K. , A Worldview Perspective on Organizational Behavior A Biblical and Comprehensive Approach)
Thus, I believe the covenant in that definition bridges the gap between Christian faith, leadership traits and a personal spiritual wellbeing. Dr. Fischer further expands this bridging concept at the 2.52 mark, with his statement that a spiritual level often times has professional ramifications. At the 4:20 mark, what a great definition of Worldview. (Fischer K. , A Worldview Perspective on Organizational Behavior A Biblical and Comprehensive Approach)
Worldview: An intellectual, emotional, and spiritual framework by which you view reality, make sense of life, and apply meaning to every area of your life. That smartly emphasis the bridging of the gap I previously stated. (Fischer K. , A Worldview Perspective on Organizational Behavior A Biblical and Comprehensive Approach)
From our readings in particular, A Worldview Perspective on Organizational Behavior provides definitions for axiology, epistemology, hesed, and ontology, I believe those key terms are synonymous and paramount for public administrator growth and success.
Axiology is the study of what we believe about values.
Epistemology is the study of how we arrive at truth and meaning.
Hesed provides the attitude necessary for healthy organizational behavior. This
attitude embodies notions such as servant leadership, mutual affirmation and care, teamwork, shared vision, “big picture” thinking, and customer care and community service.
Ontology is the study of who we are as human beings.
(Fischer K. , A Biblical-Covenantal Perspective on Organizational Behavior & Leadership, 2010, pp. 5-8)
Q. 4. What, then, given the above, will be the ethical principles that will guide and inform your life and work as a public administrator?
I truly believe to be a successful public administrator or influential leader you must have empathy and you must be an active listener. At times you have to be a good follower and you always have to be a person of faith.
The foundation of Mutual accountability covers a lot of this concept.
“Mutual accountably is describes the process of interaction in a covenant in which everyone is accountable to everyone else. Not only are followers accountable to leaders, but leaders are also accountable to followers.” (Fischer K. , A Worldview Perspective on Organizational Behavior A Biblical and Comprehensive Approach)
From my many years spent in the military I believe three simple core values that I learned from the US Air Force help guide me in my daily activities.
1. Integrity First
2. Service before self
3. Excellence in all we do
Spiritually I believe there are many temptations to stray from faith. From the slide breakdown A Brief Overview of Worldwide Ideas in particular the Post-Modern Era it identifies two key barriers in a persons spiritual growth are identified. (The Modern Era portion)
Secular Humanism: Rejected a belief in any type of God as superstitious; emphasized man’s capacity to reason as the solution to all problems (Unknown, p. 1)
Religious Pluralism: Multiple religious perspectives and multiculturalism challenge both Secular Humanism and Orthodox Christianity. (Unknown, p. 1)
One of my favorite authors Mr. Tim Tebow would mention the temptations he faced when he faced Secular Humanism or people who would question his faith because they themselves did not believe in God or a God. I truly believe he was persecuted for the profession of his faith while playing professional football. The “Tebowing Kneel” is just one example of a way people made fun of his personal belief in God. Many people have a hard time telling people they are Christians because they fear persecution or ridicule. I’m a private person, but growing up predominantly Irish Catholic many time stereotypes, slurs etc. were levied at my family for our faith. One other aspect that Irish are know for is their tempers. I know it is a temptation to act out when someone questions my values, integrity, leadership or most importantly my faith.
References
Bowman, J. S., Berman, E. M., & West, J. P. (2001). The Profession of Public Administration: An Ethics Edge in Introductory Textbooks? Public Administration Review, 194-205. Retrieved from https://www-jstor-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/stable/977453?pq-origsite=summon&seq=2
Cross Way Bibles. (2002). The Holy Bible English Standard Version. Wheaton, Illinois, USA: Good News Publishers.
Fischer, K. (2010). A Biblical-Covenantal Perspective on Organizational Behavior & Leadership. Pearson Custom Publishing. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1528&context=gov_fac_pubs
Fischer, K. (n.d). A Worldview Perspective on Organizational Behavior A Biblical and Comprehensive Approach. Retrieved from https://canvas.liberty.edu/courses/294472/pages/watch-lesson-1-a-worldview-perspective-on-organizational-behavior?module_item_id=33116594
Fischer, K. J. (2004). Worldview Analysis, Humanities, Braces For the Kids, And The Meaning of Life: Why thinking from a worldview perspective is important for every area of our lives. Retrieved from /courses/294472/files/85900799
Hijal-Moghrabi, I., & Sabharwal, M. (2018). Ethics in American Public Administration: A Response to a Changing Reality. Public Integrity, 20(5), 459-477. Retrieved from https://www-tandfonline-com.ezproxy.liberty.edu/doi/full/10.1080/10999922.2017.1419053
Plant, J. F. (2018). Responsibility in Public Administration Ethics. Public Integrity, 20(sup1), S33-S45. Retrieved from https://www-tandfonline-com.ezproxy.liberty.edu/doi/full/10.1080/10999922.2017.1413927
Shafritz, J. M., & Hyde, A. C. (2016). Classics of Public Administration (8th ed.). Cengage Learning US. Retrieved from https://mbsdirect.vitalsource.com/reader/books/9781305887268/pageid/10
Unknown. (n.d). A Brief Overview of Worldview Ideas: From the Middle Ages to the Postmodern Era. Retrieved from /courses/294472/files/85900807